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J Appl Microbiol. 2000 Apr;88(4):594-605.

Limitation of adhesion and growth of Listeria monocytogenes on stainless steel surfaces by Staphylococcus sciuri biofilms.

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1
SODIAAL UNION, Paris, and Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments, Maisons-Alfort, France.

Abstract

The adhesion and subsequent development of Listeria monocytogenes on stainless steel was studied in the absence and in the presence of a Staphylococcus sciuri biofilm. In the three growth media studied, the percentage of adherent cells was reduced to nearly the same extent by the presence of 1-day biofilms of Staph. sciuri for the two strains of L. monocytogenes studied. One-day biofilms of Staph. sciuri exhibited the same exopolysaccharide content per square centimetre, although they colonized from 3.5 to 35% of the stainless steel depending on the growth media. This suggests that extracellular substances rather than cell-to-cell interactions were involved in the decreased adhesion. After 3 days of culture, Staphylococcus biofilms prevented the adherent L. monocytogenes population from increasing within the biofilm, leading to an average logarithmic cfu difference of 0.9-2.7 between the pure and mixed culture. A competition for nutrients by Staph. sciuri was observed in one of the three media. A role for extracellular polysaccharides produced by the Staphylococcus biofilm in preventing the adhesion of L. monocytogenes and in modifying the balance existing between its planktonic and biofilm phase is hypothesized. A higher proportion of L. monocytogenes cells was observed in the planktonic phase in mixed cultures, suggesting that the extracellular substances produced by Staph sciuri biofilms and involved in the decreased adhesion of L. monocytogenes could modify the balance existing between planktonic and biofilm populations. In addition, co-cultures of L. monocytogenes and Staph. sciuri in broth showed competition for nutrients for Staph. sciuri in one of the three media.

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