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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2000 May;52(5):549-55.

Impaired beta-cell function in the presence of reduced insulin sensitivity determines glucose tolerance status in acromegalic patients.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine III, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan. kasayama@imed3.med.osaka-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Abnormal glucose tolerance is often demonstrated in acromegalic patients. Although insulin resistance is a common feature of acromegaly, it remains unclear whether the extent of insulin resistance per se determines the abnormal glucose tolerance. In order to elucidate this issue, we investigated insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in acromegalic patients.

DESIGN:

Twenty-four acromegalic patients were studied in comparison with 24 healthy control subjects. To estimate insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function, we used correct homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) model, a computer-solved model. We also investigated the effects of surgical success on both parameters.

RESULTS:

HOMA insulin sensitivity (HOMA-%S) in the acromegalic patients was 74 +/- 51 (SD)%, significantly lower than that in 24 healthy controls (144 +/- 49%). HOMA-%S in 12 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) patients was 54 +/- 31%, not significantly different from that in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; n = 11) or diabetes mellitus (DM; n = 1) patients (93 +/- 60%). By contrast, HOMA beta-cell function (HOMA-%beta) in the NGT acromegalic patients was 163 +/- 67%, significantly higher than the IGT/DM acromegalic patients (89 +/- 34%) and the healthy controls (72 +/- 19%). In 11 patients who achieved complete normalization of GH excess after surgery, HOMA-%S significantly increased to control ranges (from 76 +/- 26 to 159 +/- 61%) within 2 weeks after the surgical success.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that insulin sensitivity is reduced to a similar extent in acromegalic patients with normal glucose tolerance and those with impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes. Compensatory hyperfunction of beta-cells appears to counterbalance the reduced insulin sensitivity in the acromegalic patients with normal glucose tolerance but not in those with impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes.

PMID:
10792333
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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