Send to

Choose Destination
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2000 Jan;5(1):31-42.

The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF binding proteins in postnatal development of murine mammary glands.

Author information

Department of Neuroscience and Anatomy, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey 17033, USA.


The insulin-like growth factors are mitogens and survival factors for normal mammary epithelial cells in vitro. Data reviewed here demonstrate that mRNAs for IGF-I and IGF-II, the IGF type I receptor and the IGFBPs are expressed locally in mammary tissue during pubertal and pregnancy-induced growth and differentiation of murine mammary glands. IGF-I, IGF-II and the IGF-IR were expressed in terminal end buds (TEBs) in virgin glands during ductal growth. In addition, IGF-II and IGF-IR mRNAs were expressed in ductal and alveolar epithelium in glands throughout postnatal development. Consistent with these results, IGF-I promoted ductal growth and proliferation in mouse mammary glands in organ culture. In addition to endogenous expression of the IGFs and IGF-IR, the IGFBPs showed a varied pattern of expression in mammary tissue during postnatal development. For example, IGFBP-3 and -5 mRNAs were expressed in TEBs and ducts while IGFBP-2 and -4 mRNAs were expressed in stromal cells immediately surrounding the epithelium. These results support a role for the IGFs and IGFBPs as local mediators of postnatal mammary gland growth and differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center