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Vision Res. 1999 Oct;39(26):4412-8.

Elicited sequential presentation for low vision reading.

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Arlene R. Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, NY 10022, USA.


This paper reports on a variant of the rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) technique for low vision reading called elicited sequential presentation (ESP). In both techniques, words are presented sequentially at a constant screen location, but with ESP, the reader elicits presentation of each new word by means of a button press, rather than (as with RSVP) being presented with it automatically at fixed intervals. An experiment comparing reading speeds using, ESP, RSVP and a conventional closed-circuit television (CCTV) reading aid showed that for 15 slow readers who were customary CCTV users with low vision, ESP is superior to RSVP and yields reading speeds averaging 47% faster than RSVP--about the same as CCTV reading speed. The log of the ratio of ESP to RSVP reading speeds was significantly negatively correlated with the log of RSVP reading speed, showing that slower readers benefit more than faster readers; regression predicted no benefit for readers who read with RSVP at 133 wpm or greater. Finally, word length and word presentation duration chosen by subjects reading with ESP were significantly correlated, suggesting that part of the benefit of ESP is due to reader's ability to allocate time based on word length and difficulty.

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