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FEBS Lett. 2000 Apr 28;472(2-3):208-12.

Cation- and peptide-binding properties of human centrin 2.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.


Centrin and calmodulin (CaM) are closely related four-EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins. While CaM is monomeric, centrin 2 is dimeric and binds only two Ca(2+) per dimer, likely to site IV in each monomer. Ca(2+) binding to centrin 2 displays pronounced negative cooperativity and a [Ca(2+)](0.5) of 30 microM. As in CaM, Ca(2+) binding leads to the exposure of a hydrophobic probe-accessible patch on the surface of centrin 2. Provided Ca(2+) is present, centrin 2 forms a 1:1 peptide:monomer complex with melittin with an affinity of 100 nM. The complex binds four instead of two Ca(2+). Our data point to surprising differences in the mode of activation of these homologous proteins.

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