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Cell. 2000 Apr 14;101(2):159-71.

Transcription-coupled repair of 8-oxoguanine: requirement for XPG, TFIIH, and CSB and implications for Cockayne syndrome.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, UPR42 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Villejuif, France.


Analysis of transcription-coupled repair (TCR) of oxidative lesions here reveals strand-specific removal of 8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG) and thymine glycol both in normal human cells and xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) cells defective in nucleotide excision repair. In contrast, Cockayne syndrome (CS) cells including CS-B, XP-B/CS, XP-D/CS, and XP-G/CS not only lack TCR but cannot remove 8-oxoG in a transcribed sequence, despite its proficient repair when not transcribed. The XP-G/CS defect uniquely slows lesion removal in nontranscribed sequences. Defective TCR leads to a mutation frequency at 8-oxoG of 30%-40% compared to the normal 1%-4%. Surprisingly, unrepaired 8-oxoG blocks transcription by RNA polymerase II. These data imply that TCR is required for polymerase release to allow repair and that CS results from defects in TCR of oxidative lesions.

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