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Cancer Res. 2000 Apr 15;60(8):2263-72.

Insulin-like growth factor I receptor signaling in differentiation of neuronal H19-7 cells.

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Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


The type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) is known to send two seemingly contradictory signals inducing either cell proliferation or cell differentiation, depending on cell type and/or conditions. H19-7 cells are rat hippocampal neuronal cells immortalized by a temperature-sensitive SV40 large T antigen that grow at 34 degrees C in epidermal growth factor or serum but differentiate at 39 degrees C when induced by basic fibroblast growth factor. At 39 degrees C, expression of the human IGF-IR in H19-7 cells induces an insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I-dependent differentiation. We have investigated the domains of the IGF-IR required for differentiation of H19-7 cells. The tyrosine 950 residue and serines 1280-1283 in the COOH terminus of the receptor are required for IGF-I-induced differentiation at 39 degrees C, although they are dispensable for IGF-I-mediated growth at 34 degrees C. Both domains have to be mutated to inactivate the differentiating function. The inability of these mutant receptors to induce differentiation correlates with mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. In contrast, inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase have no effect on IGF-I-mediated differentiation of H19-7 cells, although they do inhibit the mitogenic response.

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