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Constructing biological knowledge bases by extracting information from text sources.

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School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213-3891, USA.


Recently, there has been much effort in making databases for molecular biology more accessible and interoperable. However, information in text form, such as MEDLINE records, remains a greatly underutilized source of biological information. We have begun a research effort aimed at automatically mapping information from text sources into structured representations, such as knowledge bases. Our approach to this task is to use machine-learning methods to induce routines for extracting facts from text. We describe two learning methods that we have applied to this task--a statistical text classification method, and a relational learning method--and our initial experiments in learning such information-extraction routines. We also present an approach to decreasing the cost of learning information-extraction routines by learning from "weakly" labeled training data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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