Send to

Choose Destination
Exp Neurol. 2000 May;163(1):220-30.

Localization of transforming growth factor-beta1 and receptor mRNA after experimental spinal cord injury.

Author information

Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.


Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFbeta1) is a cytokine/growth factor found within the pathological central nervous system. TGFbeta1 has been shown to inhibit the release of cytotoxic molecules from microglia and macrophages, decrease astrocyte proliferation, and promote neuron survival. Because of the relevance of these actions to spinal cord injury, we examined TGFbeta1 and its receptors betaRI and betaRII mRNA levels and localization within the contused rat spinal cord using in situ hybridization. At the lesion site, TGFbeta1 mRNA peaked at 7 days postinjury and declined thereafter. Temporal and spatial localization of the betaRI and betaRII receptor mRNA closely mimicked that for TGFbeta1 in the epicenter. TGFbeta1, betaRI, and betaRII mRNAs also were elevated rostral and caudal to the injury, especially in regions known to contain activated microglia and degenerating axon profiles. Immunohistochemical staining of nearby sections confirmed that the highest levels of TGFbeta1 and receptor mRNA corresponded to regions filled with activated microglia and macrophages. The similar expression pattern of TGFbeta1, betaRI, and betaRII mRNA within the injured spinal cord suggests a local site of action. Since TGFbeta1 can act as an immunosuppressant as well as a stimulant for growth factors and neurite sprouting, it likely plays an important role, both temporally and spatially, in orchestrating postinjury events within the spinal cord.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center