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Pflugers Arch. 2000 Apr;439(6):822-8.

Stimulation of Na/Ca exchange by the beta-adrenergic/protein kinase A pathway in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes at 37 degrees C.

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1
Hoffman-La Roche, Pharma Division, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of beta-adrenergic stimulation on Na/Ca exchange in whole-cell patch-clamped guinea-pig ventricular myocytes at 37 degrees C. With ion channel and Na/K pump currents blocked, the Na/Ca exchange current (I(Na-Ca) was measured selectively as membrane current inhibited by 10 mM nickel (Ni) during a voltage ramp applied between +80 and -120 mV. Isoprenaline (1 microM) caused an increase in both inward and outward current generated by the Na/Ca exchange, which was prevented by the beta-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol. These data suggest that isoprenaline caused a receptor-mediated up-regulation of Na/Ca exchange activity. Mimicking beta-adrenoceptor activation, either by stimulation of adenylate cyclase with forskolin or by internal dialysis of cells with cyclic AMP (3':5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate), also increased I(Na-Ca). Using fluorescence Ca measurement, an increase of internal cAMP was shown to increase the rate of transmembrane Ca transport via the Na/Ca exchange. A selective inhibitor of protein kinase A prevented stimulation of Na/Ca exchange by isoprenaline. These data suggest that the underlying mechanism of stimulation was phosphorylation of the Na/Ca exchange protein by protein kinase A. Isoprenaline did not stimulate I(Na-Ca) when experiments were carried out at 20 degrees C, in contrast to the findings at 37 degrees C. Modulation of Na/Ca exchange by the beta-adrenergic pathway may have important physiological consequences for intracellular Ca regulation and electrical activity during hormonal stimulation, or during sympathetic nerve stimulation.

PMID:
10784358
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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