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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2000 Apr;38(4):204-8.

Cytostatic sensitivity and MDR in bladder carcinoma cells: implications for tumor therapy.

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Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, St. Katharinenhospital Frechen, Germany.


The clinical success generally seen in chemotherapy of advanced bladder carcinoma is far from optimal. The mechanism of resistance development is unclear and the expression of P-170 glycoprotein is generally low. The aim of this study, carried out in vitro in sensitive and cisplatin-resistant cell lines, was to examine sensitivity modulation using R-verapamil and cell membrane perturbing agents. Cell growth rates and changes in the order of the cell membrane, determined using electron-paramagnetic resonance spectrometry, were recorded. R-verapamil increased the toxic effect of doxorubicin in the cisplatin-resistant cell line which showed the highest membrane order. Linolenic acid had a similar effect and also increased sensitivity to cisplatin and methotrexate. Bile salts (tauro-cheno-deoxycholate,TCDC, and tauro-urso-deoxycholate TUDC), had little effect on cytotoxicity. These results indicate that R-verapamil and linolenic acid can act as sensitivity modulators in bladder carcinoma cells and that the action of these agents may involve membrane fluidity changes, a phenomenon noted previously in regard to sensitivity modulation in chinese hamster ovary cell lines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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