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J Hepatol. 2000 Apr;32(4):618-26.

Growth hormone induces CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) in cultured rat hepatocytes.

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RCEM, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.



The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) is a transactivator of several genes in the liver, which are regulated by growth hormone.


Growth hormone (100 ng/ml) was added to primary rat hepatocytes cultured on a laminin-rich matrix. C/EBP mRNA and protein levels were measured by RNase protection assay and Western blotting, respectively. DNA binding activity was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA).


Growth hormone treatment for 6 h to 3 days increased C/EBPalpha mRNA levels. Addition of growth hormone for 24 h and 4 days also enhanced the levels of the 42 and 30 kDa isoforms of immunoreactive C/EBPalpha. EMSA showed that addition of growth hormone for 24 h enhanced the abundance of a protein complex binding to a consensus C/EBP binding DNA oligonucleotide. This protein complex was supershifted by antibodies directed against C/EBPalpha but not against C/EBPbeta. There were no consistent effects on C/EBPbeta mRNA or protein at any timepoint. The growth hormone effect on C/EBPalpha expression was not affected by simultaneous incubation with insulin or glucocorticoids, two hormones that previously have been reported to affect C/EBPs.


Growth hormone enhances the levels of C/EBPalpha mRNA and protein as well as the DNA binding activity of C/EBPalpha in cultured rat hepatocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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