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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Apr;21(4):643-6.

A standardized method for measuring intracranial arterial stenosis.

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1
Department of Neurology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Atherosclerosis of the major intracranial arteries is an important cause of ischemic stroke. We established measurement criteria to assess percent stenosis of a major intracranial artery (carotid, middle cerebral, vertebral, basilar) and determined the interobserver/intraobserver agreements and interclass/intraclass correlations of these measurements.

METHODS:

We defined percent stenosis of an intracranial artery as follows: percent stenosis = [(1 - (D(stenosis)/D(normal)))] x 100, where D(stenosis) = the diameter of the artery at the site of the most severe stenosis and D(normal) = the diameter of the proximal normal artery. If the proximal segment was diseased, contingency sites were chosen to measure D(normal): distal artery (second choice), feeding artery (third choice). Using a hand-held digital caliper, three neuroradiologists independently measured D(stenosis) and D(normal) of 24 stenotic intracranial arteries. Each observer repeated the readings 4 weeks later. We determined how frequently two observers' measurements of percent stenosis of each of the 24 diseased arteries differed by 10% or less.

RESULTS:

Among the three pairs of observers, interobserver agreements were 88% (observer 1 versus observer 2), 79% (observer 1 versus observer 3), 75% (observer 2 versus observer 3) for the first reading and were 75% (observer 1 versus observer 2), 100% (observer 1 versus observer 3), and 71% (observer 2 versus observer 3) for the second reading. Intraobserver agreement for each of the observers was 88%, 83%, and 100%. Interclass correlation was 85% (first reading) and 87% (second reading). Intraclass correlation was 92% (first and second readings combined).

CONCLUSION:

This method shows good interobserver and intraobserver agreements for the measurement of intracranial stenosis of a major artery. If validated in subsequent studies, this method may serve as a standard for the measurement of percent stenosis of an intracranial artery.

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PMID:
10782772
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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