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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2000 May;124(5):704-8.

Immunoperoxidase detection of CD10 in Precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia: a clinicopathologic study of 24 cases.

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1
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Department of Hematopathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

CD10 was originally reported in non-T-cell lymphoblastic lymphomas/leukemias. It has since been identified, however, in a minority of cases of T-lympho-blastic lymphoma/leukemia and other hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic entities. The usual method for the detection of CD10 previously required fresh tissue. A new antibody for CD10 (56C6) in paraffin embedded tissue sections, however, has recently become available.

OBJECTIVE:

To study the expression of CD10 in paraffin sections of T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia using monoclonal antibody 56C6.

DESIGN:

Twenty-four cases of T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia in various anatomic sites were studied. Immunohistochemical analysis with CD10 and a panel of other hematolymphoid antibodies was performed in all 24 cases. Gene rearrangement studies for the T-cell receptor by the polymerase chain reaction were performed in 18 of 24 cases.

RESULTS:

All cases were positive with at least 2 T-cell markers. In 15 (63%) of 24 cases CD10 was positive. T-cell receptor gene rearrangement was detected in 10 of 18 cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immunodetection of CD10 in T-lympho-blastic lymphoma/leukemia using monoclonal antibody 56C6 is common. This finding is useful in the evaluation of T-cell neoplasms.

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