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Cell Signal. 2000 Apr;12(4):233-7.

Nitric oxide selectively inhibits adenylyl cyclase isoforms 5 and 6.

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E.A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.


We have previously shown that N18TG2 neuroblastoma cells express the type 6 adenylyl cyclase and that preincubation with nitric oxide (NO) attenuates Gs- and forskolin-stimulated activity. Here we show that this inhibition reflects a direct action of NO on the adenylyl cyclase. Preincubation of N18TG2 cell membranes and insect cell membranes expressing recombinant type 5 and type 6 isoforms with NO donors leads to an inhibition of forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity. NO donors do not alter the type 1 (representative of the type 1,3,8 family) or type 2 (representative of the type 2,4, 7 family) isoforms expressed in insect cells, even under conditions of compromised assay conditions or a range of temperatures. Thus, the ability of NO to inhibit adenylyl cyclase stimulation is dependent upon the nature of the isoform present, and appears to represent a unique regulation of the type 5,6 isoform family.

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