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Vaccine. 2000 Jun 1;18(24):2677-85.

Further development of the Helicobacter pylori mouse vaccination model.

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School of Microbiology and Immunology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Immunisation against Helicobacter infection in mouse models has thus far produced neither complete protection against the bacteria, nor a complete prevention of the associated gastritis. This study aimed firstly to compare the sensitivities of the various methods used to assess H. pylori infection in the mouse model, and secondly to develop the experimental design to induce a more effective immunity, aimed at further reducing bacterial burden in the gastric tissue. Various mouse strains were prophylactically immunised with whole bacterial sonicate and cholera toxin before challenge with H. pylori-SS1. The relative sensitivities of the urease assay, histological assessment and the colony forming assay to detect levels of H. pylori colonisation were compared. Comparisons of different antigen doses and different timecourses of immunisation were performed. The colony forming assay was found to be far more sensitive than either the urease assay or histological assessment for determining the protective efficacies of immunisation. Mice which had 10(5) H. pylori per gram of stomach by colony assay were negative by histology and urease. Lower doses of whole cell sonicate were more protective than high doses and more effective immunisation was achieved by leaving at least 3 weeks between immunisation instead of weekly immunisations. In conclusion, for assessment of H. pylori colonisation in the mouse model, the colony forming assay should be used. The experimental protocol for immunisation has been altered to produce a significant improvement in protection. However, full protection has still not yet been achieved and more work is still required.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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