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Am J Cardiol. 2000 May 1;85(9):1110-3.

Correlates and impact on outcomes of worsening renal function in patients > or =65 years of age with heart failure.

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Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8025, USA.


1.5 mg/dl. Based on the number of these factors, a patient's risk for developing worsening renal function ranged between 16% (< or =1 factor) and 53% (> or =5 factors). After adjusting for confounding effects, worsening renal function was associated with a significantly longer length of stay by 2.3 days, higher in-hospital cost by $1,758, and an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 2.72; 95% confidence interval 1.62 to 4.58). In conclusion, worsening renal function, an event that frequently occurs in elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure, confers a substantial burden to patients and the healthcare system and can be predicted by 6 admission characteristics.

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