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Behav Pharmacol. 1999 Feb;10(1):63-71.

The non-competitive NMDA receptor blocker dizocilpine potentiates serotonergic function.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Italy.


Forepaw treading induced in rats by the 5HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT, and head shakes caused by the administration of the 5HT2A receptor against DOI, and by the 5HT precursor (-)5HTP, were significantly increased by pretreatment with the non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist dizocilpine. Dizocilpine administration also significantly increased the locomotor activity induced by the serotonin agonists. The competitive NMDA receptor antagonist CGP 43487 increased only the head shakes induced by DOI, but did not alter the behavior elicited by 8-OH-DPAT, or (-)5HTP, and did not modify locomotor responses to any of the agonists used. The dizocilpine-induced potentiation of head shakes elicited by DOI and (-)5HTP was inhibited by the 5HT2 agonist ketanserin, but was not modified by the selective dopamine D1 and D2 receptor blockers SCH 23390 and (-)sulpiride. The dopamine receptor antagonists did, however, counteract the dizocilpine facilitation of both forepaw treading induced by 8-OH-DPAT, and the locomotor response to all the serotonergic agonists. The results indicate that, unlike competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, the non-competitive antagonists enhanced the expression of serotonergic stimulation, and suggest that a glutamate deficiency could contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, not only through dopaminergic, but also through serotonergic, hyperactivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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