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J Immunol. 2000 May 1;164(9):4458-64.

Analysis of human V alpha 24+ CD4+ NKT cells activated by alpha-glycosylceramide-pulsed monocyte-derived dendritic cells.

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1
Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. tsu-tky@umin.ac.jp

Abstract

Human V alpha 24+ NKT cells with an invariant TCR (V alpha 24-J alpha Q) have been shown to be specifically activated by synthetic glycolipids such as alpha-galactosylceramide and alpha-glucosylceramide in a CD1d-restricted and V alpha 24 TCR-mediated manner. We recently characterized V alpha 24+ CD4- CD8- double negative (DN) NKT cells using alpha-galactosylceramide-pulsed monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Here, we compare V alpha 24+ CD4+ NKT cells with human V alpha 24+ DN NKT cells from the same donor using alpha-galactosylceramide-pulsed monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Human V alpha 24+ CD4+ NKT cells were phenotypically and functionally similar to the human V alpha 24+ DN NKT cells characterized previously. Both of them use V alpha 24-J alpha Q-V beta 11 TCR and express CD161 (NKR-P1A), but not the other NK receptors tested so far. They also produce cytokines such as IL-4 and IFN-gamma, and, in regard to IL-4 production, V alpha 24+ CD4+ NKT cells produce more IL-4 than V alpha 24+ DN NKT cells. The cells exhibit marked cytotoxic activity against the U937 tumor cell line, but not against the NK target cell line, K562. Although at least some of the factors responsible for the stimulation of V alpha 24+ NKT cells have been clarified, little is known regarding the killing phase of these cells. Here we show that the cytotoxic activity of V alpha 24+ NKT cells against U937 cells is mediated mainly through the perforin pathway and that ICAM-1/LFA-1 as well as CD44/hyaluronic acid interactions are important for the effector phase of V alpha 24+ NKT cell-mediated cytotoxicity against U937 cells.

PMID:
10779745
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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