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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 May 9;97(10):5279-84.

Increased IGF-II protein affects p57kip2 expression in vivo and in vitro: implications for Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.

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  • 1University of Cambridge, Department of Anatomy, Downing Street, CB2 3DY Cambridge, United Kingdom.


In both human and mouse, the Igf2 gene, localized on chromosomes 11 and 7, respectively, is expressed from the paternally inherited chromosome in the majority of tissues. Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) plays an important role in embryonic growth, and aberrant IGF2 expression has been documented in several human pathologies, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS), and a wide variety of tumors. Human and mouse genetic data strongly implicate another gene, CDKN1C (p57(kip2)), located in the same imprinted gene cluster on human chromosome II, in BWS. p57(KIP2) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and is required for normal mouse embryonic development. Mutations in CDKN1C (p57(kip2)) have been identified in a small proportion of patients with BWS, and removal of the gene from mice by targeted mutagenesis produces a phenotype with elements in common with this overgrowth syndrome. Patients with BWS with biallelic expression of IGF2 or with a CDKN1C (p57(kip2)) mutation, as well as overlapping phenotypes observed in two types of mutant mice, the p57(kip2) knockout and IGF-II-overexpressing mice, strongly suggest that the genes may act in a common pathway of growth control in situations where Igf2 expression is abnormal. Herein, we show that p57(kip2) expression is reduced on IGF-II treatment of primary embryo fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, p57(kip2) expression is down-regulated in mice with high serum levels of IGF-II. These data suggest that the effects of increased IGF-II in BWS may, in part, be mediated through a decrease in p57(kip2) gene expression.

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