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J Assoc Physicians India. 1999 Aug;47(8):795-7.

Antibiotics sensitivity pattern of N. gonorrhoeae with special emphasis on norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin.

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1
Dept of Microbiology, Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai.

Abstract

The current study is carried out to find the in-vitro susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae to Ciprofloxacin, Norfloxacin, Gentamycin etc. in 110 isolates obtained from acute gonococcal urethritis confirmed by smear examination. The isolates obtained are from the patients attending the Skin and STD Clinic of a teaching hospital, clinically diagnosed as suffering from acute gonococcal urethritis. Antibiotic susceptibility test was done by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion technique. Four to five similar well isolated colonies of the gonococcal strains were picked up with a wire loop and transferred to 5 cc of sterile trypticase soya broth (TSB). Tubes were incubated at 36 degrees C. GC agar base plates were inoculated with suspensions using a sterile cotton swab. Antibiotic discs were placed on these plates. The plates were incubated at 35 degrees C for 18-24 hours in a candle jar with 5-10% CO2. The plates were then observed to note the zones of inhibition around the discs. 87.27% of isolated strains were inhibited by norfloxacin at an MIC of 0.06 mu gm/ml; 89.08% of the strains were inhibited by ciprofloxacin at an MIC of 0.025 mu gm/ml. All the strains (110) were inhibited by ciprofloxacin at a concentration of 0.2 mu gm/ml. Gentamycin sensitivity was 86.36%. Out of 110 patients, 85 were treated with norfloxacin of which 81 (95.29%) were cured. Twenty five were treated with ciprofloxacin of which 24 (96%) were cured. This study shows high sensitivity of N. gonorrhoeae to norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin.

PMID:
10778625
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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