Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Urol Clin North Am. 2000 May;27(2):275-85, viii.

Kidney stones as a manifestation of hypercalcemic disorders. Hyperparathyroidism and sarcoidosis.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Cornell University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.


When hypercalcemia is detected in a kidney stone formation, an intact parathyroid hormone measurement should be made. Detection of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is important to prevent further stone episodes and to avoid the complications of high serum calcium in other organ systems. Stones in patients with HPT often contain apatite salts in addition to calcium oxalate because parathyroid excess may create a renal tubular acidosis. The calculi seen in patients with sarcoidosis, another hypercalcemic state that may cause stone formation, however, are usually pure calcium oxalate. Excess generation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D results in intestinal hyperabsorption of calcium and secondary hyperoxaluria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center