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J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 28;275(17):12926-33.

Reversible transdominant inhibition of a metabolic pathway. In vivo evidence of interaction between two sequential tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes in yeast.

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Research Service of the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75216, USA.


The enzymes of the Krebs tricarboxylic acid cycle in mitochondria are proposed to form a supramolecular complex, in which there is channeling of intermediates between enzyme active sites. While interactions have been demonstrated in vitro between most of the sequential tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes, no direct evidence has been obtained in vivo for such interactions. We have isolated, in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene encoding the tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme citrate synthase Cit1p, an "assembly mutation," i.e. a mutation that causes a tricarboxylic acid cycle deficiency without affecting the citrate synthase activity. We have shown that a 15-amino acid peptide from wild type Cit1p encompassing the mutation point inhibits the tricarboxylic acid cycle in a dominant manner, and that the inhibitory phenotype is overcome by a co-overexpression of Mdh1p, the mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase. These data provide the first direct in vivo evidence of interaction between two sequential tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes, Cit1p and Mdh1p, and indicate that the characterization of assembly mutations by the reversible transdominant inhibition method may be a powerful way to study multienzyme complexes in their physiological context.

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