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Am J Clin Oncol. 2000 Apr;23(2):128-31.

Combination chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil in previously treated patients with advanced/recurrent head and neck cancer: a phase II feasibility study.

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Second Department of Medical Oncology, Agii Anargyri Cancer Center, Kifisia, Greece.


The purpose of this phase II feasibility trial was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel combined with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in patients with locally advanced and/or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Nineteen patients entered the study. The majority had received prior radiotherapy but were chemotherapy naive. Treatment consisted of docetaxel 80 mg/m2 day 1, cisplatin 40 mg/m2 days 2 and 3, and 5-fluorouracil 1,000 mg/m2 by continuous infusion days 1 to 3. The cycle was repeated every 28 days. Most patients received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, 150 microg/m2/day subcutaneously between days 4 and 8. The median number of chemotherapy cycles per patient was four. Dose reduction was done in three patients with no treatment delays. Of the 16 evaluable for response, seven patients (44%) demonstrated an objective response, including two complete and five partial ones; eight patients (50%) had stable disease; and one patient had progressive disease. The median time to progression was 7.5 months (range: 4-17.5 months). The median survival was 11 months (range: 1-18 months) and 1-year survival was 49%. Febrile neutropenia was recorded in 15% of courses. There were no toxic deaths. In conclusion, the combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil is an active regimen against previously treated squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck with acceptable toxicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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