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Vaccine. 2000 May 22;18(23):2584-91.

Differing serologic responses to an haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide-neisseria meningitidis outer membrane protein conjugate (PRP-OMPC) vaccine in australian aboriginal and caucasian infants - implications for disease epidemiology.

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Territory Health Services, Darwin, Australia.


This study compared Hib antibody responses to a single lot of PRP-OMPC vaccine given at 2, 4 and 12 months to 57 Aboriginal infants in rural areas of the Northern Territory and 56 Caucasian infants in Sydney, Australia. The Aboriginal infants had lower levels of antibody in cord blood (P>0.05), which were significantly lower (P<0.02) by 2 months of age. Antibody responses to one or two doses of vaccine, measured at 4 and 12 months of age, were similar but the geometric mean titre following the booster dose in Aboriginal infants was significantly lower (1.98 vs. 6.04 mcg/ml, P = 0.002). Low preimmunisation antibody is consistent with the early onset of Hib disease in Aboriginal infants before immunisation. Lower responses to boosting could correlate with persistence of Hib colonisation in indigenous populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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