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Toxicol Sci. 2000 Apr;54(2):374-83.

Hemopoietic progenitor cells are sensitive targets of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in C57BL/6J mice.

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Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


Treatment of adult C57BL6J mice with tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) elicits altered bone marrow hemopoietic cellular potentials and markedly reduced T-lymphoid-reconstituting activity. The latter has been hypothesized to play a role in TCDD-induced thymic atrophy. To investigate cellular targets responsible for reduced prothymocyte capacity, bone marrow cells from TCDD-treated C57BL/6J mice were assessed for hemopoietic alterations within the lineage-negative (lin-) compartment by the examination of Sca-1 and c-Kit levels. Lin- hemopoietic cells from C57BL/6J mice, treated with 30 microg/kg of TCDD, were assessed for phenotypic alterations following 24 h through 31 days. The responses of lin- cells to TCDD doses ranging from 0.3 to 30 microg/kg were also assessed at 2 days following TCDD treatment. The data reveal increases in the number of bone marrow lin- Sca-1+ c-Kit+ cells, relative to control, over 24 h through 31 days following treatment, as well as dose-dependent increases in this population when examined at 2 days. Increases in lin- Sca-1+ c-Kit- cells occurred on a more transient basis and were also dependent upon TCDD dose. These data suggest that proliferation and/or differentiation processes of hemopoietic stem cells are affected by TCDD and that these effects contribute to a reduced capacity of bone marrow to generate pro-T lymphocytes.

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