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J Anal Toxicol. 2000 Apr;24(3):157-64.

Acute metobromuron poisoning with severe associated methemoglobinemia. Identification of four metabolites in plasma and urine by LC-DAD, LC-ESI-MS, and LC-ESI-MS-MS.

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Laboratoire de Pharmacologie-Toxicologie, CHU, Angers, France.


A case of self poisoning with metobromuron, a urea derivative used as a herbicide, is reported. Severe methemoglobinemia observed at the admission (80%) disappeared only at day 11, and hemolysis appeared at day 4 and decreased slowly to day 12. Metobromuron was analyzed by liquid chromatography with diode-array detection. Initial plasma concentration and elimination half-life were 4.9 mg/L and 5 h, respectively. Several metabolites were also detected, and four of those were identified by liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry. Normetobromuron, bromophenylurea, and bromoacetanilide were detected in plasma, but only N-methyl bromophenylurea was detected in urine. Bromoacetanilide probably results from acetylation of the intermediate bromoaniline. Methemoglobinemia could result from metabolization of metobromuron to bromoaniline and bromoacetanilide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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