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Caries Res. 2000 Mar-Apr;34(2):151-8.

Occlusal caries detection with KaVo DIAGNOdent and radiography: an in vitro comparison.

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Department of Cariology and Endodontology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.


A new laser fluorescence method, KaVo DIAGNOdent, was tested with respect to reproducibility and validity and compared with radiography regarding accuracy in the detection of occlusal caries. Seventy-six extracted premolar and molar teeth were measured twice with DIAGNOdent under both wet and dry conditions, at an interval of 2 weeks. Conventional film radiographs were exposed. Microradiographic analysis of sections of the teeth served as the gold standard. Intra-class correlation coefficient and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to assess the reproducibility and the validity of the method, respectively. The influence of time and varying humidities on DIAGNOdent readings were analysed by two-way repeated measure ANOVA. ROC curves were plotted for DIAGNOdent readings and radiographic registration of caries by 6 observers, and the areas under the curves were compared using Student's t test. Under both wet and dry conditions, the reproducibility of the DIAGNOdent method was excellent: R = 0.97 and 0.96, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of DIAGNOdent was significantly better than that of radiography (p< or =0.001). In this in vitro study of detection of occlusal caries, the diagnostic performance of the DIAGNOdent method was superior to that of radiography.

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