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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2000 Mar;26(3):375-84.

High-frequency ultrasound for quantitative characterization of myocardial edema.

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1
Department of Medicine, Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Abstract

Myocardial edema has been associated with impaired ventricular compliance and diastolic filling. To determine the sensitivity of high-frequency (40 MHz) ultrasound to myocardial edema, we employed a model in which myocardial edema was induced by immersion of tissue in isotonic saline. The effect of freezing tissue on edema formation was also evaluated. Rat hearts were arrested at end-diastole and insonified fresh within 15 min of excision (n = 5) or following being frozen for 24 h and thawed (n = 4). Measurements of attenuation, backscatter, tissue thickness and speed of sound were performed at baseline and hourly for 4 h, and compared with direct measurements of myocardial edema. Fresh tissue demonstrated a greater propensity for the development of edema than frozen tissue. Integrated backscatter increased in both tissues, whereas the magnitude and slope of attenuation decreased as edema evolved. We conclude that high-frequency ultrasound sensitively detects myocardial edema, and we propose that the extension of these methods to clinical frequencies may prove useful for monitoring and treatment of cardiac edematous disease states.

PMID:
10773367
DOI:
10.1016/s0301-5629(99)00144-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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