Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Virus Res. 2000 Mar;67(1):67-80.

CD4(+) T-cell responses to bovine viral diarrhoea virus in cattle.

Author information

  • 1Division of Immunopathology, Institute for Animal Health, Compton, UK.


Friesian calves were infected with one of three isolates of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and used to establish parameters for an in vitro model of BVDV-reactive T-cell responses in cattle. The study assessed virus clearance, seroconversion, maturation of lymphoproliferative responses (both during and following disease resolution) and the antigen-specificity of CD4(+) T cells from recovered animals. Seroconversion and virus-specific lymphoproliferation were not detected until viraemia had resolved. Interestingly, lymphoproliferation was detected earlier in the animals infected with cytopathic viruses than in those infected with noncytopathic virus despite broadly similar rates of virus clearance and seroconversion for both biotypes. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were induced to proliferate by virus-infected stimulator cells whereas only CD4(+) T cells responded to non-infectious antigens. Lymphoproliferation was strain cross-reactive and MHC-restricted. Induction of T-cell proliferation by recombinant proteins identified the major envelope proteins E(rns) and E2 and the nonstructural (NS) 2-3 protein as T-cell determinants. In addition, the capsid (C) and/or the amino-terminal proteinase, N(pro) were identified as T-cell determinants from the responses of short-term T-cell lines. Thus, in this model, the CD4(+) T-cell repertoire induce by acute BVDV infection includes at least the major envelope proteins, NS2-3, and capsid and/or N(pro).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center