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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 21;270(3):947-52.

Activation of Akt during simulated ischemia/reperfusion in cardiac myocytes.

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Department of Cardiology, Rayne Institute, King's College London, St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London, SE1 7EH, United Kingdom.


In the present study we have investigated whether Akt was activated during simulated ischemia (SI) and simulated ischemia/reperfusion (SI/R) in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Akt was phosphorylated on both S473 and T308 residues after 10 min of simulated SI/R and remained elevated for 60 min before returning to basal levels after 2 h. No phosphorylation was observed during SI alone. SI/R-stimulated Akt activation was inhibited by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) inhibitor wortmannin, the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein and the Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor PP2, indicating a requirement for tyrosine kinase activity in Akt activation. Furthermore, SB203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, partially inhibited Akt activation. SI/R also induced the phosphorylation of PHAS-I, a downstream Akt target, in a wortmannin-dependent manner. These results demonstrate for the first time that SI/R stimulates Akt activation via PI3-K-and Src tyrosine kinase-dependent pathways, whereas p38 MAPK appears to be involved in maintaining Akt activation.

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