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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 21;270(3):701-8.

Potent inhibition of dendritic cell differentiation and maturation by vitamin D analogs.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.


We show that the immunosuppressive effects of 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) are due, in part, to inhibition of the T cell stimulatory functions of dendritic cells (DCs). Addition of 10(-12) and 10(-8) M 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) to murine DC cultures resulted in a concentration-dependent reduction in levels of class II MHC and the co-stimulatory ligands B7-1, B7-2, and CD40 without affecting the number of DCs generated. Higher concentrations of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) reduced DC yield. The capacity of DCs to induce proliferation of purified allogeneic T cells was reduced by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). The vitamin D(3) analog, 1alpha,25(OH)(2)-16-ene-23-yne-26,27-hexafluoro-19-nor -D(3), exerted identical effects at 100-fold lower concentrations. Inhibition of DC maturation and stimulatory function was absent in cultures from mice genetically lacking vitamin D receptors (VDR). Vitamin D analogs effectively reduce DC function via VDR-dependent pathways.

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