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Exp Cell Res. 2000 May 1;256(2):411-22.

Requirement of regulated activation of Ras for response of MDCK cells to hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor.

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1
Department of Life Science, Faculty of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama, 226-8501, Japan.

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) induces cell scattering, migration, and branching tubule formation of MDCK cells. To examine the role of the Ras protein in the HGF/SF-induced responses, we constructed MDCK cell clones expressing either inducible dominant-negative Ras or constitutively activated Ras and analyzed their effects on responses of cells to HGF/SF. Induced expression of dominant-negative Ras prevented cell dissociation required for cell scattering, migration, and cystic formation as well as branching morphology required for branching tubule formation. Constitutively activated Ras induced cell dissociation, but not a scattered fibroblastic morphology even in the presence of HGF/SF. MDCK cells expressing constitutively activated Ras migrated at a level similar to that of wild-type MDCK cells stimulated by HGF/SF. MDCK cells expressing constitutively activated Ras showed disorganized growth in three-dimensional culture and did not form the branching tubule structures. These results indicate that activation of the Ras protein is essential for the cell scattering, migration, and branching tubule formation of MDCK cells induced by HGF/SF, and a properly regulated activation is required for some stages of the HGF/SF-induced responses of MDCK cells.

PMID:
10772814
DOI:
10.1006/excr.2000.4850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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