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Exp Cell Res. 2000 May 1;256(2):347-57.

Hyperoxia induces S-phase cell-cycle arrest and p21(Cip1/Waf1)-independent Cdk2 inhibition in human carcinoma T47D-H3 cells.

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Unit of Health and Environment, Laval University Medical Research Centre, CHUQ, Department of Medicine, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Qu├ębec, Canada.


Little is known about cell-cycle checkpoint activation by oxidative stress in mammalian cells. The effects of hyperoxia on cell-cycle progression were investigated in asynchronous human T47D-H3 cells, which contain mutated p53 and fail to arrest at G1/S in response to DNA damage. Hyperoxic exposure (95% O(2), 40-64 h) induced an S-phase arrest associated with acute inhibition of Cdk2 activity and DNA synthesis. In contrast, exit from G2/M was not inhibited in these cells. After 40 h of hyperoxia, these effects were partially reversible during recovery under normoxic conditions. The inhibition of Cdk2 activity was not due to degradation of Cdk2, cyclin E or A, nor impairment of Cdk2 complex formation with cyclin A or E and p21(Cip1). The loss of Cdk2 activity occurred in the absence of induction and recruitment of cdk inhibitor p21(Cip1) or p27(Kip1) in cyclin A/Cdk2 or cyclin E/Cdk2 complexes. In contrast, Cdk2 inhibition was associated with increased Cdk2-Tyr15 phosphorylation, increased E2F-1 recruitment, and decreased PCNA contents in Cdk2 complexes. The latter results indicate a p21(Cip1)/p27(Kip1)-independent mechanism of S-phase checkpoint activation in the hyperoxic T47D cell model investigated.

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