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Am J Dermatopathol. 2000 Apr;22(2):97-103.

Malignant eccrine spiradenoma (spiradenocarcinoma): a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases.

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Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Malignant eccrine spiradenoma is a very rare tumor. The clinicopathologic features of 12 cases are reported herein. Six patients were men, six were women, and the average patient age was 62 years. Seven tumors were located on the trunk, three on the extremities, and two in the head and neck region. All tumors were large (average size-7.5 cm). Lesions had been present from 7 months to 30 years before surgical removal. In all cases, continuity between benign eccrine spiradenoma and areas with malignant change was observed. Malignancy was evidenced by increased mitotic rate, necrosis, nuclear atypia, pleomorphism, and hyperchromasia, loss of nested and trabecular growth patterns, and absence of a dual cell population. In most cases (8 of 12), the malignant component comprised the bulk of the lesion. Two distinctive histologic patterns were observed. Five of 12 tumors exhibited abrupt transition between a benign eccrine spiradenoma and a high-grade carcinoma component. The others lacked a clear-cut transition between benign and malignant components and were diagnostically challenging. Diagnosis in such cases was established based on the loss of two cell populations, increased nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio, hyperchromasia, and marked mitotic activity. Two tumors showed focal squamous differentiation. Five of seven patients on whom there was follow-up information were free of disease (average duration of follow-up = 3.4 years). One patient developed metastases to local lymph nodes 5 years after the primary tumor was resected. This patient had no evidence of disease 16 months after resection of her lymph node metastases.

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