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Anticancer Res. 2000 Jan-Feb;20(1A):407-16.

Overexpression of Akt/AKT can modulate chemotherapy-induced apoptosis.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.

Abstract

The AKT oncogenes are amplified or AKT kinase activity is constitutively elevated in several types of human malignancy. We sought to determine whether AKT might play a role in the development of resistance to apoptosis induced by chemotherapy. We showed that ovarian cancer cells either overexpressing constitutively active Akt/AKT1 or containing AKT2 gene amplification were highly resistant to paclitaxel than cancer cells express low AKT levels. The Akt/AKT1 clones also contained higher levels of phospho-Bad protein than parental cells. Further, the complexes between the endogenous proapoptotic protein, Bad, and the anti-apoptotic protein, BC1-XL were undetectable in Akt/AKT1 clones. These results suggest that Akt/AKT1 expressed in these clones can phosphorylate Bad and prevent it from binding to Bcl-XL. Furthermore, overexpression of Akt/AKT1 can inhibit the release of cytochrome c induced by paclitaxel. Therefore, our findings provide evidence that aberrant expression or activation of AKT in cancer cells may confer resistance to paclitaxel.

PMID:
10769688
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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