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Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;15(4):295-305.

A randomised, double-blind comparison of the efficacy and safety of citalopram compared to mianserin in elderly, depressed patients with or without mild to moderate dementia.

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  • 1Göteborg University, Institute for Clinical Neurosciences, Section of Psychiatry, Mölndal, Sweden.

Abstract

Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder among the elderly and in old age may interact with emotional and cognitive functioning. Depression in old age has been shown to be associated with degenerative changes in the brain. It is, therefore, important that in this patient population antidepressants with a favourable tolerability profile, such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are examined for both antidepressant efficacy and effect on cognitive function and emotional impairment. This randomised, double-blind study compared the efficacy and tolerability of citalopram and mianserin in 336 elderly, depressed patients with or without dementia. Patients received either citalopram 20-40 mg/day or mianserin 30-60 mg/day for 12 weeks. The treatments were equivalent with respect to change in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score; patients in both treatment groups responded well. Patients with dementia showed a smaller decrease in total MADRS score than patients without dementia. Both treatments were well tolerated with a relatively low incidence of adverse events. Fatigue and somnolence were more frequent with mianserin, while insomnia was more frequent with citalopram. Overall, this study showed that the two treatments were equivalent in efficacy, and that citalopram is an effective, well-tolerated and non-sedative treatment for elderly depressed patients with or without dementia.

Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
10767728
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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