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J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 21;275(16):11666-71.

Distinct roles for recombinant cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase-I and -II in AMP and IMP catabolism in COS-7 and H9c2 rat myoblast cell lines.

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University of Bristol, Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol BS2 8HW, United Kingdom.


Catabolism of AMP during ATP breakdown produces adenosine, which restores energy balance. Catabolism of IMP may be a key step regulating purine nucleotide pools. Two, cloned cytosolic 5'-nucleotidases (cN-I and cN-II) have been implicated in AMP and IMP breakdown. To evaluate their roles directly, we expressed recombinant pigeon cN-I or human cN-II at similar activities in COS-7 or H9c2 cells. During rapid (more than 90% in 10 min) or slower (30-40% in 10 min) ATP catabolism, cN-I-transfected COS-7 and H9c2 cells produced significantly more adenosine than cN-II-transfected cells, which were similar to control-transfected cells. Inosine and hypoxanthine concentrations increased only during slower ATP catabolism. In COS-7 cells, 5'-nucleotidase activity was not rate-limiting for inosine and hypoxanthine production, which was therefore unaffected by cN-II- and actually reduced by cN-I- overexpression. In H9c2 cells, in which 5'-nucleotidase activity was rate-limiting, only cN-II overexpression accelerated inosine and hypoxanthine formation. Guanosine formation from GMP was also increased by cN-II. Our results imply distinct roles for cN-I and cN-II. Under the conditions tested in these cells, only cN-I plays a significant role in AMP breakdown to adenosine, whereas only cN-II breaks down IMP to inosine and GMP to guanosine.

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