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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 16;275(24):18541-9.

Nuclear localization and cell cycle-specific expression of CtIP, a protein that associates with the BRCA1 tumor suppressor.

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  • 1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75235, USA.


The BRCA1 tumor suppressor has been implicated in a diverse spectrum of cellular processes, including transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, and cell cycle checkpoint control. CtIP was recently identified as a protein that associates with BRCA1 and two other nuclear factors, CtBP1 and Rb1. To understand the functions of CtIP, we have evaluated its biological properties with respect to those of BRCA1. Our results show that CtIP, like its associated factors, is predominantly a nuclear protein. A subset of the endogenous pool of CtIP polypeptides exists in a protein complex that includes both BRCA1 and the BRCA1-associated RING domain protein (BARD1). At the protein level, CtIP expression varies with cell cycle progression in a pattern identical to that of BRCA1. Thus, the steady-state levels of CtIP polypeptides, which remain low in resting cells and G(1) cycling cells, increase dramatically as dividing cells traverse the G(1)/S boundary. In contrast to BRCA1, however, the G(1)/S induction of CtIP expression is mediated primarily by post-transcriptional mechanisms. Finally, the interaction between CtIP and BRCA1 is shown to be stable in the face of genotoxic stress elicited by treatment with UV light, adriamycin, or hydrogen peroxide. Together, these results indicate that CtIP can potentially modulate the functions ascribed to BRCA1 in transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, and/or cell cycle checkpoint control.

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