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J Mol Biol. 2000 Apr 14;297(5):1245-58.

PKC-zeta-associated CK2 participates in the turnover of free IkappaBalpha.

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Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


The atypical PKC isoenzymes, zeta and iota, activate NF-kappaB, a mechanism thought to mediate the anti-apoptotic and proliferative features of these kinases. PKC-zeta has been shown to be associated with an IkappaBalpha kinase in resting cells. In this study, we have sought to identify the PKC-zeta associated kinase and understand how PKC-zeta mediates basal IkappaBalpha turnover in vivo. We demonstrate that the PKC-zeta-associated IkappaBalpha kinase is CK2. This kinase, previously shown to phosphorylate the PEST domain of IkappaB molecules, co-precipitates with PKC-zeta in resting cells. In vitro, PKC-zeta interacts with CK2-beta. The in vivo PKC-zeta-associated CK2 preferentially phosphorylates S293 of IkappaBalpha as compared to non-associated CK2. The functional relevance of this observation is supported by the fact that the turnover of free IkappaBalpha in resting cells is S293-dependent. Moreover, overexpressing PKC-zeta results in lower steady-state protein levels of free IkappaBalpha, which is dependent on S293. Lastly, it is shown that PKC-zeta wt but not kinase dead leads to the in vitro phosphorylation of both CK2-alpha and beta. These studies demonstrate that the association between CK2 and PKC-zeta may play a major role in the control of the basal turnover of free IkappaBalpha, in the absence of extracellular stimuli.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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