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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Apr;161(4 Pt 1):1167-71.

Comparison testing of current (PPD-S1) and proposed (PPD-S2) reference tuberculin standards.

Author information

1
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. MEV1@CDC.GOV

Abstract

Since 1951, the tuberculin PPD-S1 has been used to standardize commercial PPD reagents and perform special tuberculin surveys. PPD-S1 is now in short supply and a new standard (PPD-S2) has been manufactured. To determine if PPD-S2 is equivalent and can replace PPD-S1, we conducted a double-blind clinical trial. Between May 14 and October 28, 1997, 69 subjects with a history of culture-proven tuberculosis (TB patients) and 1,189 subjects with a very low risk for TB infection were enrolled, received four skin tests (with PPD-S1, PPD-S2, and one each of the commercially available PPDs), and had reactions measured by two trained observers. Among the TB patients, we found statistically indistinguishable immunogenicity (mean reaction size +/- standard deviation): 15.6 +/- 6.6 mm for PPD-S1 and 14.8 +/- 5.6 mm for PPD-S2. Among low-risk subjects, the tests had equally high specificities (PPD-S1, 98.7% and PPD-S2, 98. 5%), using a 10-mm cutoff. The number of discordant (negative versus positive) interpretations for PPD-S2, assuming that low-risk subjects who had a >/= 10 mm reaction to PPD-S1 were truly infected, was low (0.5%) and indistinguishable from the rate of discordant interpretations of the same test when read by two different observers (0.8%). The study results indicate that PPD-S2 is qualified to be used as the new U.S. reference standard for PPD tuberculin.

PMID:
10764307
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.161.4.9906050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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