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C R Acad Sci III. 2000 Feb;323(2):183-93.

Determining body fuels of wintering mallards.

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Office national de la chasse, Paris, France.


Measuring body lipids and proteins of wild animals such as mallards is essential to determine the impact of the environment on their body condition. A major difficulty, however, is that biochemical analysis of carcass is tedious and therefore cannot be applied at a large scale. The main objective of this study was therefore to find out if simple measurements can be used as indices of total body lipids and proteins. Four classes of lipid and protein indices, derived on a 'source' group, were defined according to their complexity and condition of application (field or laboratory). Accuracy of the indices was evaluated on an independent group, of which the body composition calculated from indices was compared to carcass analysis. In live birds, body mass was an accurate and convenient predictor for both lipid and protein masses. If carcasses are available, extensive analysis provides a higher accuracy for body lipids only. This can be simply obtained through multiple regressions using abdominal fat mass and/or dry body mass.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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