Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Transplantation. 2000 Mar 27;69(6):1108-14.

Posttransplant cataract: lessons from kidney-pancreas transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Australia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cataract is a major cause of visual disturbance after transplantation. Although corticosteroid therapy has been linked with posterior subcapsular cataract, its natural history in the cyclosporine era is not well understood.

METHODS:

Baseline and regular postoperative slit-lamp biomicroscopy and ophthalmic examinations (n=432) were performed in 108 eyes of simultaneous kidney/pancreas (SPK) recipients (n=54) for up to 10 years after transplantation. Triple therapy immunosuppression of cyclosporine, azathioprine, and prednisolone was used.

RESULTS:

Cataract was present in 40% of eyes at simultaneous kidney/pancreas associated with duration of diabetes, lower insulin dose, and the use of pretransplant hemodialysis (P<0.05-0.01). Cataract became increasing more common 2 years after simultaneous kidney/pancreas, and lens abnormalities were virtually universal at 6-10 years by slit lamp biomicrosopy. The instantaneous hazard rate for new cataract formation was highest within the first 2 years and remained abnormal for the study duration. Nuclear and posterior subcapsular cataract increased significantly after transplantation (P<0.05) and were the predominant types of cataract presenting late. Risk factors for posttransplant cataract formation included older age and high-dose pulse methylprednisolone dose. Visual acuity was reduced by severity of cataract grade, presence of combined nuclear and subcapsular cataract, retinal hemorrhage and underlying diabetic retinopathy (P<0.05-0.001). Cataract formation imposed significant additional impairment of visual acuity above that of diabetic retinopathy. Cataract surgery was undertaken in 14% of eyes, improving visual acuity from mean decimalized score of 0.28 to 0.43, P<0.01 but did not normalize it to the noncataract level of 0.72.

CONCLUSION:

Transplantation substantially increases all types of cataract, and is highly prevalent by slit lamp examination. High-risk patients are older and diabetic, and received hemodialysis and pulse corticosteroid therapy. In contrast to older studies using high-dose corticosteroid and azathioprine, the pattern of cataract in the cyclosporine era is different with broader cataract types, a weaker association with corticosteroids and a progressive course. Regular screening of visual acuity and appropriate surgery for posterior subcapsular or severe cataract are recommended.

Comment in

PMID:
10762215
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center