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Am J Cardiol. 2000 Apr 15;85(8):939-44.

Prognostic significance of persistent right ventricular dysfunction as assessed by radionuclide angiocardiography in patients with inferior wall acute myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We evaluated cardiac hemodynamics and long-term prognosis in patients with right ventricular (RV) acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using Fourier phase and amplitude analysis of radionuclide angiocardiographic scanning. In 143 patients with RV AMI, delayed phase and low amplitude in radionuclide RV images persisted in 54 patients (persistent RV dysfunction group) 3 months after AMI, but disappeared in the remaining 89 patients (improved RV function group). No significant differences were present in RV dimensions, left ventricular (LV) wall motion, LV ejection fraction, or RV ejection fraction between these groups during the acute phase. At 3 months, RV dimension and LV and RV wall motion indexes were significantly higher (p = 0.0292, p = 0.0124, p<0.0001, respectively), and LV and RV ejection fractions were lower (p = 0. 0174 and p = 0.0008, respectively) in the persistent RV dysfunction group. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the acute phase was performed in a smaller group of patients (15% vs. 34%, p = 0.0223), and the degree of residual stenosis in the proximal right coronary artery was significantly greater in the persistent RV dysfunction group than in the improved RV function group (82+/-22% vs. 53+/-30%, p<0.0001). The 8-year survival rate was significantly lower in the persistent RV dysfunction group (p<0.0001). Persistent abnormality of phase and amplitude in radionuclide RV images was a significant independent predictor of long-term survival (odds ratio 10.42; 95% confidence interval 3.65 to 29.71; p<0.0001). Radionuclide angiocardiographic Fourier phase and amplitude scanning can detect persistent RV dysfunction in patients with RV AMI and can predict patient outcome.

PMID:
10760330
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00905-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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