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Am J Cardiol. 2000 Apr 15;85(8):934-8.

Early diagnosis of right ventricular or posterior infarction associated with inferior wall left ventricular acute myocardial infarction.

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1
Regional Medical Cardiology Centre, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) or posterior infarction associated with inferior wall left ventricular acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. However, RV and posterior chest leads in addition to the 12-lead electrocardiogram are required for accurate detection. Body surface mapping (BSM) has greater spatial sampling and may further improve inferior wall AMI classification. Consecutive patients with chest pain lasting <12 hours were assessed to identify those with AMI and > or =0.1 mV ST elevation in > or =2 contiguous inferior leads of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (bundle branch block or left ventricular hypertrophy excluded). A 12-lead electrocardiogram, RV leads (V(2)R, V(4)R), posterior chest leads (V(7), V(9)), and a BSM were recorded. From each BSM, the 12 electrodes overlying the RV region (regional RV map) and 10 electrodes overlying the posterior wall (regional posterior map) were assessed for ST elevation. Infarct size was estimated by serial cardiac enzymes. AMI occurred in 173 of 479 patients. Of the 62 patients with inferior wall AMI, ST elevation > or =0.1 mV occurred in 26 patients (42 in V(2)R or V(4)R compared with 36 patients (58%) in > or =1 electrode on the regional RV map (p = 0.0019). ST elevation > or =0.1 mV occurred in 1 patient (2%) in V(7) or V(9) compared with 17 patients (27%) in > or =1 electrode on the regional posterior map (p = 0.00003). ST elevation > or =0.05 mV occurred in 6 patients (10%) in V(7) or V(9) compared with 22 patients (36%) in > or =1 electrode on the regional posterior map (p = 0.00003). Patients with ST elevation on regional RV and/or posterior maps had a trend toward larger infarct size (mean peak creatine kinase 1,789+/-226 vs. 1,546+/-392 mmol/L; p = NS). Thus, BSM, when compared with RV or posterior chest leads, provides improved classification of patients with inferior wall AMI and RV or posterior wall involvement.

PMID:
10760329
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00904-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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