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Plant J. 2000 Mar;21(6):529-36.

Functional, c-myc-tagged Cf-9 resistance gene products are plasma-membrane localized and glycosylated.

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The Sainsbury Laboratory, John Innes Centre, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK.


The Cf-9 resistance gene from tomato confers resistance to races of the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum that express the corresponding avirulence gene, Avr9. Avr9 encodes a secreted peptide. To investigate Cf-9 function, we tagged the Cf-9 protein with a triple myc epitope at either the amino- or carboxy-terminus of the mature protein. Tobacco plants carrying these constructs activate a defence response to Avr9 peptide. The Cf-9 sequence predicts a protein of 94 kDa, with 22 glycosylation sites. Using c-myc antibodies, c-myc : Cf-9 protein was detected as a unique band with a molecular size of 160 kDa. The band shifted to approximately 105 kDa after glucosidase treatment, indicating that Cf-9 protein is highly glycosylated. Plasma membranes were isolated using two-phase partitioning, and c-myc : Cf-9 was enriched in these fractions, indicating that Cf-9 is a plasma membrane protein. This was confirmed by silver-enhanced immunogold labelling of tobacco protoplasts carrying the amino-terminal c-myc tag; a higher labelling density was observed on the surface of protoplasts derived from c-myc : Cf-9 tobacco compared to untransformed control. The presence of Cf-9 in the plasma membrane is consistent with its role in conferring recognition of the extracellular Avr9 peptide.

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