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Genetics. 2000 Mar;154(3):1231-8.

Adaptive evolution of relish, a Drosophila NF-kappaB/IkappaB protein.

Author information

1
Section of Integrative Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA. djbegun@mail.utexas.edu

Abstract

NF-kappaB and IkappaB proteins have central roles in regulation of inflammation and innate immunity in mammals. Homologues of these proteins also play an important role in regulation of the Drosophila immune response. Here we present a molecular population genetic analysis of Relish, a Drosophila NF-kappaB/IkappaB protein, in Drosophila simulans and D. melanogaster. We find strong evidence for adaptive protein evolution in D. simulans, but not in D. melanogaster. The adaptive evolution appears to be restricted to the IkappaB domain. A possible explanation for these results is that Relish is a site of evolutionary conflict between flies and their microbial pathogens.

PMID:
10757765
PMCID:
PMC1460974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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