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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Mar;24(3):391-3.

The Pro115Gln and Pro12Ala PPAR gamma gene mutations in obesity and type 2 diabetes.

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Laboratoire de Nutrition et Service de Médecine et Nutrition, Hôtel-Dieu place du Parvis Notre Dame, Paris, France.



Peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors gamma (PPAR gamma), is a key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and energy balance. Two naturally occurring mutations in the PPAR gamma gene, Pro115Gln and Pro12Ala, have recently been shown to impair the function of the PPAR gamma2 isoform of the receptor and to be associated with obesity or diabetes-related phenotypes in different populations.


We studied the occurrence and possible associations of the Pro115Gln and Pro12Ala in the PPAR gamma2 gene with several clinical and metabolic phenotypes in three independent large populations of non-obese non-diabetic, type 2 diabetic, and morbidly obese French Caucasians.


The Pro115Gln mutation was not found in any of the 1069 subjects screened including 626 obese patients. The frequency of the Pro12Ala mutation was similar in all groups (0.08, 0.11, 0.09) and was not associated with BMI or any of the clinical parameters tested.


We conclude that the Pro115Gln mutation is not a frequent cause of morbid obesity in Caucasians and that the Pro12Ala mutation is not associated with clinically significant changes in these populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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