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Hum Gene Ther. 2000 Mar 20;11(5):729-38.

Long-term persistence of human bone marrow stromal cells transduced with factor VIII-retroviral vectors and transient production of therapeutic levels of human factor VIII in nonmyeloablated immunodeficient mice.

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Center for Transgene Technology and Gene Therapy, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, University of Leuven, Belgium.


The potential of using bone marrow (BM)-derived human stromal cells for ex vivo gene therapy of hemophilia A was evaluated. BM stromal cells were transduced with an intron-based Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MuLV) retroviral vector that contained the B domain-deleted human factor VIII (FVIIIdeltaB) cDNA. This FVIII-retroviral vector was pseudotyped with the gibbon ape leukemia virus envelope (GALV-env) to attain higher transduction efficiencies. Using optimized transduction methods, high in vitro FVIII expression levels of 700 to 2500 mU of FVIII/10(6) cells per 24 hr were achieved without selective enrichment of the transduced BM stromal cells. After xenografting of 1.5-3 x 106 engineered BM stromal cells into the spleen of nonobese diabetic severe combined immunodeficient (NOD-SCID) mice, human plasma FVIII levels rose to 13 +/- 4 ng/ml but declined to basal levels by 3 weeks postinjection because of promoter inactivation. About 10% of these stromal cells engrafted in the spleen and persisted for at least 4 months after transplantation in the absence of myeloablative conditioning. No human BM stromal cells could be detected in other organs. These findings indicate that retroviral vector-mediated gene therapy using engineered BM stromal cells may lead to therapeutic levels of FVIII in vivo and that long-term engraftment of human BM stromal cells was achieved in the absence of myeloablative conditioning and without neo-organs. Hence, BM stromal cells may be useful for gene therapy of hemophilia A, provided prolonged expression can be achieved by using alternative promoters.

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