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Neuroimmunomodulation. 2000;7(3):153-9.

Cytokine effects on glutamate uptake by human astrocytes.

Author information

1
Institute for Brain and Immune Disorders, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation and the University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55404, USA.

Abstract

Glutamate uptake by astrocytes has been postulated to play a neuroprotective role during brain inflammation. Using primary human fetal astrocyte cultures, we investigated the influence of selected cytokines on glutamate uptake activity. Interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha dose-dependently inhibited astrocyte glutamate uptake, whereas interferon (IFN)-gamma alone stimulated this activity. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, blocked IL-1beta-mediated inhibition of glutamate uptake, suggesting involvement of nitric oxide in the effect of IL-1beta. IL-1 receptor antagonist protein totally reversed the inhibitory effect of cytokines, suggesting a critical role of IL-1beta. The anti-inflammatory cytokine IFN-beta blocked cytokine (IL-1beta plus IFN-gamma)-induced inhibition of glutamate uptake with a corresponding reduction in nitric oxide generation. Taken together, these findings suggest that proinflammatory cytokines inhibit astrocyte glutamate uptake by a mechanism involving nitric oxide, and that IFN-beta may exert a therapeutically beneficial effect by blocking cytokine-induced nitric oxide production in inflammatory diseases of the brain.

PMID:
10754403
DOI:
10.1159/000026433
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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